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In 1647 Locke went to Westminster School in London.From Westminster school he went to Christ Church, Oxford, in the autumn of 1652 at the age of twenty. John Wilkins, Cromwell’s brother in law, had become Warden of Wadham College.One of Locke’s friends from Westminster school, Richard Lower, introduced Locke to medicine and the experimental philosophy being pursued by the virtuosi at Wadham. The rank was equivalent to a Fellow at any of the other colleges, but was not permanent.
He is also famous for calling for the separation of Church and State in his .
Much of Locke’s work is characterized by opposition to authoritarianism.
Locke was elected Lecturer in Greek at Christ Church in December of 1660 and he was elected Lecturer in Rhetoric in 1663. The statutes of Christ Church laid it down that fifty five of the senior studentships should be reserved for men in orders or reading for orders.
Only five could be held by others, two in medicine, two in law and one in moral philosophy.
Locke’s association with Anthony Ashley Cooper (later the First Earl of Shaftesbury) led him to become successively a government official charged with collecting information about trade and colonies, economic writer, opposition political activist, and finally a revolutionary whose cause ultimately triumphed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
Among Locke’s political works he is most famous for in which he argues that sovereignty resides in the people and explains the nature of legitimate government in terms of natural rights and the social contract.Thus, there was good reason for Locke to become a clergyman. John Wilkins had left Oxford with the Restoration of Charles II.The new leader of the Oxford scientific group was Robert Boyle. Boyle (with the help of his astonishing assistant Robert Hooke) built an air pump which led to the formulation of Boyle’s law and devised a barometer as a weather indicator.He wants us to proportion assent to propositions to the evidence for them.On the level of institutions it becomes important to distinguish the legitimate from the illegitimate functions of institutions and to make the corresponding distinction for the uses of force by these institutions.This is apparent both on the level of the individual person and on the level of institutions such as government and church.For the individual, Locke wants each of us to use reason to search after truth rather than simply accept the opinion of authorities or be subject to superstition.The final period during which Locke lived involved the consolidation of power by William and Mary, and the beginning of William’s efforts to oppose the domination of Europe by the France of Louis XIV, which later culminated in the military victories of John Churchill—the Duke of Marlborough.Locke was born in Wrington to Puritan parents of modest means.John Locke (1632–1704) was one of the greatest philosophers in Europe at the end of the seventeenth century.Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history.