Compare And Contrast Essay Mesopotamia And Egypt

Compare And Contrast Essay Mesopotamia And Egypt-23
In different places, civil servants were called different names; for example, mandarins in China, and scribes in Mesopotamia and Egypt.The relations between the inhabitants became more complicated and to regulate them the first codes of law were created. Google(); req('single_work'); $('.js-splash-single-step-signup-download-button').one('click', function(e){ req_and_ready('single_work', function() ); new c.

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With the plough it was not necessary for peasants to bend their backs to cultivate the land. During the season of the Nile floods, peasants were .

Other professions in Egyptian civilization were: sailors, soldiers, craftsmen and merchants.

Barter means that they exchanged some products for others.

During the Metal Age, small cities were governed by kings.

People lived in a different quarters of the city depending on how rich they were and what their job was. To keep them the peasants had to give the temple or the king part of the harvest they obtained. Noblemen and priests Noblemen and priests were in charge of the most important posts in Egypt • The noblemen were members of the pharaoh’s family. They were very wealthy and had thousands of servants.

Cities were not self-sufficient , not all the necessitites could be obtained there and people had to buy some food, raw materials and luxury products in far away regions. The “river civilizations” did not have coins so they used barter, which means interchanging products. They usually cultivated barley, wheat, beans, chickpeas, cucumbers, etc. Also, when the pharaoh wanted to reward somebody he gave him large amounts of land and great treasures and made them noblemen. Other important posts in the Egyptian state and society were: Peasants Nine out of ten Egyptian men and women were peasants. The pharaoh, the priests and the noblemen owned the lands and the peasants cultivated them.• Sailors travelled by ship to far away lands to buy wood, metals and perfumes.• Soldiers fought in wars and, in exchange, the pharaoh gave them with lands, gold and slaves.One example is the between Asia Minor, the Mediterranean area and Syria.Mesopotamia was historically divided into two regions inhabited by two different peoples: The Assyrians who lived in northern Mesopotamia or Assyria and the Akkadians and Sumerians who lived in southern Mesopotamia or Akkad.The population was divided into two very different groups: few of them were privileged people and the majority were subjugated people.Most of the lands and riches belonged to the first ones, the privileged people.Life in these cities became more complex and it was necessary to make a division of work. He supervised trade and led the armies, he passed laws and reigned over the country. When a pharaoh died, his son replaced him, forming a dynasty.Each person was dedicated to a specific job and got all his other needs at the market. There were thirty dynasties in the history of Egypt.Later, the kings unified territories and cities which were nearby in order to extend their possessions and to get greater power.Some other times, they made war to enlarge their territories.


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