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Biodiversity also protects against natural disasters, such as grasses that have evolved specifically to resist the spread of wildfires.
For example, losing diverse insect species will decrease plant pollination.
Additionally, this may decrease humanity's ability to produce medicine, as extinction claims more and more key plant species.
Such changes would have a strong impact on zooplankton, an essential part of the food chain in the ocean.
Shifts in where plankton live and how big the size of their populations could upset the biodiversity in the Earth's waters.
Diminishing ice packs reduce the habitats of polar bears, penguins, puffins, and other Arctic creatures.
As the ice melts, it increases the sea level, which will affect and perhaps destroy ecosystems on coastlines.Many different people for a variety of reasons have argued the value of biodiversity, but they all point to a unified ideal of conservation.Humans would need to ensure that our natural resources are available for all of our future generations. Biodiversity is generally defined as “the existence of many different kinds of plants and animals in an environment.” (Merriam Webster Dictionary, n.d.) However, there is no single definition for biodiversity.One definition for biological diversity is “a diversity among and within plant and animal species in an environment” (Biological Diversity, n.d.).Whales, especially, could bear the brunt of this, as many whale species require mass amounts of plankton to survive.In addition, increased carbon dioxide causes acidification of the ocean, affecting creatures and plants that are sensitive to p H imbalances.These habitats can have very dissimilar physical characteristics.Some examples of this are temperature and soil type, as well as different entities occupying them.As biodiversity decreases, there will be far-reaching effects.Disruptions in the food chain may greatly affect not only ecosystems but also humanity's ability to feed an ever-growing population.