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A harmonious and willing integration of the people is desirable through which the evils of communalism, casteism, racialism, linguism and tribalism can be subordinated to the over-all interest of the nation as a whole.For India’s plural socio-political order and multi-culturalism, some authors like John Strachery pointed out that India has never been a country in any European standard.They have put emphasis on “Unity and Integrity of the Nation” and highlighted this principle in the preamble of the constitution.
But in some countries majority groups may able to impose their culture over the minority groups to bring national integration.
National integration as a comprehensive affair has several dimensions like political, social, economic, cultural, ethical and psychological dimensions. Political integration implies a strong territorial unity and the establishment of a national or central authority over all regions. Since the poverty stricken and down trodden people cannot understand the significance of national integration, united efforts should be made against poverty, hunger and unemployment. On social front, national integration requires the availability of social justice.
Ordinarily, it implies the process of becoming a whole along with the maintenance of cultural distinctiveness.
According to Myron Weiner, national integration implies: (a) A process of bringing together culturally and socially discreet groups into a single territorial unit and establishment of a national identity.
But this was contested by a group of eminent Indian scholars like Shri Aurobindo, Vivekananda etc.
The fact has been analyzed by Vincent Smith in a compromising tone that India maintains “unity in diversity”.
All modern states are nation-states which require integration of its people both territorially and emotionally.
It refers to social and political integration within a nation-state.
(d) Evolving a minimum value consensus necessary to maintain a social order.
(e) An integrative behaviour which involves the capacity of the people in a society to organize for some common purposes.