Essay on Intelligence: Definition, Intelligence Quotient and Distribution of Intelligence !
“Intelligence is what you use when you do not know what to do” – Jean Piaget.
This product will be supposed to be the quantity of intelligence possessed by the individual.
Binet and other psychologists had a firm belief that the IQ remains constant and it will not change though the individual grows chronologically.
David Wechsler (1944) who devised the intelligence tests for children as well as adults tried to provide a somewhat comprehensive definition:“Intelligence is the aggregate or global capacity of an individual to think rationally, to act purposefully and to deal effectively with his environment”.
This definition includes three important processes, viz., to act purposefully means, to act in a determined way without any ambiguity, to think appropriately in a rational way without any prejudices and to deal effectively with the environment or to adjust in a proper way with the environment.
Intelligence has a very important role in day- to-day activities of the individual. The concept of intelligence has been understood by psychologists in different ways. The following are some of the important definitions: Intelligence is something which sensory acuity tests or reaction time experiments measure.
The word intelligence has been derived from a Latin verb ‘intellegere’ means to understand. Intelligence is the capacity of the organism to adjust itself to an increasingly complex environment.
The number gradually decreases from the midpoint till the highest level is reached wherein there will be very few individuals.
The lower side of the curve indicates the people with low intelligence and the higher side indicates people with above average level of intelligence.