When you are first faced with the task of writing a long essay or term paper it can be intimidating, but you make your job and the reader’s job much easier by following some basic rules of thumb.Of course, if your professors offer you any specific guidelines about writing be sure to follow those first.When you are stuck for a conclusion, look back at your introduction; see if you can freshly reemphasize your objectives by outlining how they were met, or even revisit an opening scenario from the introduction in a new light to illustrate how the paper has brought about change.Tags: For Research Paper Title PageEssay About Family TraditionOliver Twist Symbolism EssayPaid Article WritingRole Models College EssaysCollege Acceptance EssayResearch Case Study
Most importantly, then, you must use your section headings in the same way that you use topic sentences or thesis statements: to control, limit, and organize your thinking for your reader’s sake.
Most papers use "Conclusion" as a heading for the final section of the text, although there are times when headings such as "Future Trends" will serve equally well for a paper’s closing section.
Clearly, the title "An Overview of the Hydraulic Fracturing of Methane-Bearing Coal Formations" is more complete, satisfying, and informative than "Hydraulic Fracturing." The title is important because it announces the paper’s specific content and typically serves as a pathway to the paper’s thesis.
Your introduction is your opportunity to be at your most individual.
You should get your reader’s attention immediately by announcing the paper’s subject or by launching into a relevant scenario or narrative that informs or illustrates your overall argument.
A paper illustrating the costly effects of poor mine design, for instance, might open with the scenario of how a poorly designed pillar at a salt mine in Louisiana once collapsed, fracturing the surface above and draining an entire lake into the mine.From the flat state of Indiana, here are two pages on how to write sound thesis statements: "How to Write a Thesis Statement" article from Indiana University, Bloomington "Tips and Examples for Writing a Thesis Statement" article from Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL) Never simply label the middle bulk of the paper as "Body" and then lump a bunch of information into one big section.Instead, organize the body of your paper into sections by using an overarching principle that supports your thesis, even if that simply means presenting four different methods for solving some problem one method at a time.As these findings demonstrate, women of all ages can benefit by regular weight-bearing exercise, an increased intake of calcium-rich foods, and—for postmenopausal women—the maintenance of adequate estrogen levels.For all women, it is never too late to prevent osteoporosis or lessen its severity by making appropriate lifestyle choices.A paper on the supply and demand of nickel might begin by straightforwardly announcing that the paper will explain the uses of nickel, detail its market structure, and use data to forecast the future supply and demand of the metal.In brief, a paper’s introduction should define and limit the paper’s scope and purpose, indicate some sense of organization, and, whenever possible, suggest an overall argument.As examples, I offer two sets of section headings taken from essays. Craig Bohren’s "Understanding Colors in Nature" (1), which appeared in a 1990 edition of Just by considering the section headings in the above examples, we can begin to see the fundamental structures and directions of the essays, because both sets of headings break the paper topic into its natural parts and suggest some sort of a movement forward through a topic.Note how these headings—as all section headings should—tell us the story of the paper and are worded just as carefully as any title should be.Beware of the temptation to open your final paragraph with "In conclusion," or "In summary," and then summarize the paper.Instead, let your entire conclusion stand as a graceful termination of an argument.