Also contributing was the degree of weather station coverage.
Also contributing was the degree of weather station coverage.Tags: Phd By Research/Thesis OnlyMathxl Homework AnswersA Trip To The Future EssayRedefining Luxury A Review EssayInc Case Study Business ReviewWrite And Draw PaperResearch Paper TypesThe Importance Of Time Management For Students Essay Writing
“We don’t have to restate any conclusions based on this analysis.” Another recent study evaluated GISTEMP in a different way that also added confidence to its estimate of long-term warming.
A paper published in March 2019, led by Joel Susskind of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, compared GISTEMP data with that of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), onboard NASA's Aqua satellite.
“We’re testing the robustness of the method itself, the robustness of the assumptions, and of the final result against a totally independent data set.” In all cases, he said, the resulting trends are more robust than what can be accounted for by any uncertainty in the data or methods.
A list of climate related papers where Wally Broecker (1931-2019) is the first author: 1957 Lamont Natural Radiocarbon Measurements IV https:// 1958 The relation of deep sea sedimentation rates to variations in climate Radiocarbon chronology of Lake Lahontan and Lake Bonneville https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/gsabulletin/article-abstract/69/8/1009/5015 1959 Re-evaluation of the salt chronology of several Great Basin Lakes https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/gsabulletin/article-abstract/70/5/601/5108 Lamont Radiocarbon Measurements VI https:// 1960 Evidence for an abrupt change in climate close to 11,000 years ago Natural radiocarbon in the Atlantic Ocean https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/JZ065i009p02903 1965 Uranium-Series Dating of Corals and Oolites from Bahaman and Florida Key Limestones Radiocarbon Chronology of Lake Lahontan and Lake Bonneville II, Great Basin https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/gsabulletin/article-abstract/76/5/537/5914 1968 Milankovitch Hypothesis Supported by Precise Dating of Coral Reefs and Deep-Sea Sediments In Defense of the Astronomical Theory of Glaciation https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-935704-38-6_14 1970 Insolation changes, ice volumes, and the O18 record in deep‐sea cores https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/RG008i001p00169 1975 Climatic Change: Are We on the Brink of a Pronounced Global Warming?
Taken together, Schmidt said, the two studies help establish GISTEMP as a reliable index for current and future climate research.
“Each of those is a way in which you can try and provide evidence that what you’re doing is real,” Schmidt said.
Earth’s long-term warming trend can be seen in this visualization of NASA’s global temperature record, which shows how the planet’s temperatures are changing over time, compared to a baseline average from 1951 to 1980.
The record is shown as a running five-year average. A new assessment of NASA's record of global temperatures revealed that the agency's estimate of Earth's long-term temperature rise in recent decades is accurate to within less than a tenth of a degree Fahrenheit, providing confidence that past and future research is correctly capturing rising surface temperatures.
Like other surface temperature records, GISTEMP estimates the temperatures between weather stations using data from the closest stations, a process called interpolation.
Quantifying the statistical uncertainty present in those estimates helped researchers to be confident that the interpolation was accurate.