Right now, the IP addresses for your PCs and other devices are probably assigned automatically by your router using a procotol known as Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).
It’s a handy way for devices to connect to your network more easily, because you don’t have to configure IP addressing for each new device yourself.
This can be done in one of two ways; the first way to access it is via the control panel.
Select the Windows 7 Orb on the bottom left-hand corner and select the control panel option as shown below: There are several views which are available for the control panel; by default the category view is used.
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Sometimes in order to gain connectivity in certain networks where a DHCP server is not running, the configuration of a static IP address is required.
The steps required to setup up a static IP address are rather straightforward, but the process is a bit different from Windows Vista and XP.
The second way to gain access to the Network and Sharing Center is to utilize the network icon which is displayed in the system tray when a network interface has been enabled.
When this icon is right-clicked the option to open the Network and Sharing Center is given as shown below: Once the Network and Sharing Center is open there is an option which allows the change of adapter settings which is shown in the upper left hand corner of the window.