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“One study has shown that eyewitness errors are the most common cause of false convictions (ref.).Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence (ref.) Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony (refs.).” , such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember (ref.). Reviews the chronological development of research in this area (an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best).Identifies which explanations are likely to be valid in explaining the results of experiments conducted for this thesis. “Whist it has been shown that in some circumstances many people tend to conform to the opinions of others, we also know that some people are able to resist conforming in some situations. This section of the literature review examines factors influencing whether or not a person is likely to conform that are (1) in the situation, and (2) within the individual.” 8.
The contents of a literature review are determined by many factors, including its precise purpose in the document, the degree of consensus with a given theory or tension between competing theories, the length of the article, the amount of previous studies existing in the given field, etc.
The following are some of the most important elements that a literature provides.
It does NOT reference and list all of the material you have cited in your paper.
One way to conceive of a literature review is to think about writing it as you would build a bookshelf.
For each of the four explanations, followed typical structure of: (a) definition; (b) when might happen; (c) evidence supporting explanation; (d) limitations of this explanation as being “the whole story” (this is the “critical” part of a critical review). “Whilst normative social influence may explain the conformity that occurs in …, it is an unlikely explanation for memory conformity that may occur when people give individual statements following discussion in the absence of their co-witness. “The suggestion that memory conformity is a result of biased guessing is similar to the informational influence explanation because in both instances …
However, the distinguishing feature between the two explanations is that …” …The only thing you need to keep in mind is a proper literature review structure.The structure is quite simple and standard for all of such texts, which means that it does not change depending on your subject.Conducting a literature review is a means of demonstrating the author’s knowledge about a particular field of study, including vocabulary, theories, key variables and phenomena, and its methods and history.Conducting a literature review also informs the student of the influential researchers and research groups in the field (Randolph, 2009).Because such ‘contamination’ is common to memory, understanding its effects enables greater knowledge of memory itself (ref.). Discusses one key paper at a time by describing its methods and key findings, but then identifies weaknesses in the method and/or limitations in the findings.Then discusses how the next researchers tried to address these problems.It is usually presented as a distinct section of a graduate thesis or dissertation.A literature review is an objective, concise, critical summary of published research literature relevant to a topic being researched in an article.Now that you understand the purpose of a literature review and have a clear understanding of what it has to consist of, you should find it much easier to complete this task.However, sometimes having the necessary knowledge does not save the situation.