There are significant ways in which our concepts and knowledge are gained independently of sense experience.They also assume that these can be understood through sufficient understanding and thought.While sense experiences may trigger a process by which they are brought to consciousness, experience does not provide the concepts or determine the information they contain.Tags: Volodymyr Kratyuk ThesisCharacter Essay ExamplesFavorite Tv Programs EssayCritical Analysis Essay Everyday UseWrite A Clear Short Essay On The Importance Of SchoolHigh School Essay Competitions
This articles deals with the first paradigm, namely Rationalism.
Rationalism took shape in modern times as an integral system of epistemological views, as a result of the development of mathematics and the natural sciences.
The superiority of reason thesis claims that the knowledge we gain by intuition and deduction or have innately is superior to any knowledge gained by sense experience.
Rationalism is challenged by positivism, which seeks empirical evidence rather than relying on the perceived unreliability of individual thinking.
The indispensability of reason thesis and the superiority of reason thesis may also be adopted by rationalists, although they are not essential.
The indispensability of reason thesis claims that the knowledge that we gain by intuition and deduction and the knowledge that are innate to us could not have been gained through sense experience.
Like the intuition/deduction thesis, the innate knowledge thesis also asserts the existence of knowledge gained knowledge is gained.
The intuition/deduction thesis cites intuition and subsequent deductive reasoning.
Intuition and deduction thus provide us with knowledge , which is to say knowledge gained independently of sense experience.
Innate knowledge means having knowledge of some truth is a particular subject area.