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Often Edwards uses parts or sections of biblical verse rather than complete text because too much information might diminish the importance of his primary intent.These instances of manipulation occur in the doctrinal section where Edwards attempts to prove the basis of his application. ", Luke 13:7, is used by Edwards to illustrate God's justifiably immediate destruction of those guilty of sin.
Through the use of imagery and classical appeal of pathos, Jonathan Edwards Edwards states: "The wrath of God burns against them, their damnation does not slumber; the pit is prepared, the fire is made ready, the furnace is now hot, ready to receive them; the flames do now rage and glow" (Paragraph 10).
Pathos is present as he descriptively characterizes hell and the pit in great detail.
Absent from his selection is any mention of the moderation and patience that continues in Luke 13:8-9: "let it alone this year also, until I dig around it and fertilize it.
And if it bears fruit, well." By omitting these verses of scripture, Edwards hopes to move his audience by his calling rather than at their own leisure.
By providing a chronological argument the listeners are able to not only grasp his viewpoint but also observe the soundness of his argument.
For instance, in pages 7-9, when Edwards describes why God’s wrath is transcendental, he breaks his argument into bits: one leading to the other, creating separate strands that are intertwined into a weave to achieve his argument.In this manner the audience is introduce to an argument, and then another which builds on the first.The style ensures that one idea is fully comprehended before another idea is delved into. The listeners are able to conjure images of nature’s disdain for the nonbeliever and through this comparison, can only imagine how much worse God’s wrath is.He highlights that God’s wrath is upon them and will annihilate their entire being to the highest degree.Through a complex incorporation of various descriptive imagery tools, Edward invokes fear and despondence to his audience; his audience are bullied into believing in his God.In Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, Jonathan Edwards uses the rhetorical techniques, imagery, repetition and metaphors to show his sharp tone. In his sermon he repeats the word "wrath", which mean violent anger, over and over again making it clear how angry god is with his people.Edwards basically dooms the congregation to hell saying that they are horrible people and that they deserve to burn in hell.The audience is terrified by the reality of his words and are driven out of fear to listen to what he is saying.Jonathan Edwards compares this banishment and pit to a snake: "The old serpent is gaping for them; hell opens its mouth wide to receive them; and if God should permit it, they would he hastily swallowed up and lost" (Paragraph 11).The description of the serpent evokes despair through the congregation.The use of descriptive language and imagery allows Edwards to alert his audience through fear and to make them repent for their evil behavior.