The Word Bibliography

The Word Bibliography-73
Descriptive bibliographers follow specific conventions and associated classification in their description.

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Fundamentally, analytical bibliography is concerned with objective, physical analysis and history of a book while descriptive bibliography employs all data that analytical bibliography furnishes and then codifies it with a view to identifying the ideal copy or form of a book that most nearly represents the printer's initial conception and intention in printing. He describes the nature of bibliography as "the discipline that studies texts as recorded forms, and the processes of their transmission, including their production and reception" (1999 12).

In addition to viewing bibliographic study as being composed of four interdependent approaches (enumerative, descriptive, analytical, and textual), Bowers notes two further subcategories of research, namely historical bibliography and aesthetic bibliography. Mc Kenzie extended previous notions of bibliography as set forth by W. This concept broadens the scope of bibliography to include "non-book texts" and an accounting for their material form and structure, as well as textual variations, technical and production processes that bring sociocultural context and effects into play.

Now, both categories of bibliography cover works in other media including audio recordings, motion pictures and videos, graphic objects, databases, CD-ROMs An enumerative bibliography is a systematic list of books and other works such as journal articles.

Bibliographies range from "works cited" lists at the end of books and articles, to complete and independent publications.

Annotated bibliographies give descriptions about how each source is useful to an author in constructing a paper or argument.

These descriptions, usually a few sentences long, provide a summary of the source and describe its relevance.One noted example would be Tanselle's bibliography that exhaustively enumerates topics and sources related to all forms of bibliography.A more common and particular instance of an enumerative bibliography relates to specific sources used or considered in preparing a scholarly paper or academic term paper. An entry for a book in a bibliography usually contains the following elements: A bibliography may be arranged by author, topic, or some other scheme.Bibliography (from Greek βιβλίον biblion, "book" and -γραφία -graphia, "writing"), as a discipline, is traditionally the academic study of books as physical, cultural objects; in this sense, it is also known as bibliology, -logia).Carter and Barker (2010) describe bibliography as a twofold scholarly discipline—the organized listing of books (enumerative bibliography) and the systematic description of books as objects (descriptive bibliography).A library catalog, while not referred to as a "bibliography," is bibliographic in nature.Bibliographical works are almost always considered to be tertiary sources.Belanger (1977) distinguishes an enumerative bibliography from other bibliographic forms such as descriptive bibliography, analytical bibliography or textual bibliography in that its function is to record and list, rather than describe a source in detail or with any reference to the source's physical nature, materiality or textual transmission.The enumerative list may be comprehensive or selective.It was established by a Belgian, named Paul Otlet (1868-1944), who was the founder of the field of documentation, as a branch of the information sciences, who wrote about "the science of bibliography." However, there have recently been voices claiming that "the bibliographical paradigm" is obsolete, and it is not today common in LIS. Bowers (1949) refers to enumerative bibliography as a procedure that identifies books in “specific collections or libraries,” in a specific discipline, by an author, printer, or period of production (3).A defense of the bibliographical paradigm was provided by Hjørland (2007). He refers to descriptive bibliography as the systematic description of a book as a material or physical artifact.

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